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A Brief History of WEST HAM UNITED FC
West Ham United are one of London's most famous clubs, and the club's biggest claim to fame came in 1966, when West Ham supplied three of England's World Cup-winning side - more players than from any other club.
World Cup Legends
The most famous player in the history of West Ham United is the great England defender Bobby Moore. He captained England to its only World Cup victory in 1966 against Germany at Wembley Stadium. West Ham team-mates Geoff Hurst (3) and Martin Peters (1) scored England's four goals in a 4-2 win. Hurst remains the only player to have scored a hat-trick in a World Cup final.
Situated in East London, West Ham's nicknames are the Hammers and the Irons, which originate from the first name for the club, Thames Ironworks, which was formed in 1895. West Ham play in a claret and blue shirt, white shorts and white socks. Supporters of the club are famous for singing 'I'm Forever Blowing Bubbles' at matches.
West Ham United's record attendance is 42,322, which came in a game against Tottenham Hotspur in 1970. Geoff Hurst scored six goals in West Ham's biggest League win, when they thrashed Sunderland 8-0 at Upton Park. This matched an 8-0 League win against Rotherham United ten years earlier. The club's biggest win in any match was a 10-0 League Cup win over Bury in 1983.
White Horse Final
Another major claim to fame for West Ham United was their appearance in the first Wembley FA Cup final of 1923, when they lost 2-0 to Bolton Wanderers. Interest in the game was so immense that around 200,000 people crammed into a venue built to hold a crowd of half that size. A white police horse called Billy was used to control the spectators, and because of this the game is known as the 'White Horse final'.
West Ham have won the FA Cup three times, in 1964, 1975, and 1980 respectively. They also won the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1965, beating Munich 1860 2-0 at Wembley, with Bobby Moore captaining the side. Moore was also captain for the 1964 FA Cup final win over Preston North End, which the Hammers won 3-2. In their other FA Cup final wins, West Ham beat Fulham 2-0, with Bobby Moore in the defeated Fulham side in 1975. A surprise 1-0 win over Arsenal in 1980 came courtesy of a rare Trevor Brooking headed goal.
Bobby Moore, Geoff Hurst, Martin Peters, and Trevor Brooking are probably the Hammers' most well-known players. Other West Ham legends include Billy Bonds, Tony Cottee, Julian Dicks, and Frank Lampard Snr. - whose son Frank also played for the Hammers, as did former England captains Rio Ferdinand and Paul Ince.
Though successful in cup competitions, West Ham United have never been crowned English League champions. The highest they have ever finished in a season was third in 1986.
Academy of Football
Former West Ham manager Ron Greenwood left the Hammers in 1974. He become manager of England in 1977, and managed England up until their 1982 World Cup campaign in Spain. Greenwood was an important figure in carrying on the work of his predecessor Ted Fenton, who created West Ham's purist approach to playing football. The club was dubbed the "academy of football" as a result. Future great coaches such as former West Ham players Malcolm Allison and Dave Sexton gleaned a lot of knowledge from their West Ham days.
The appearances record for West Ham is 793, set by Billy Bonds between 1967 and 1988. The record goalscorer for the Hammers is Vic Watson, who scored 326 goals for West Ham between 1920 and 1935.
The main stadium for the 2012 Olympics in London will become West Ham's new ground, when they move away from Upton Park.
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